NEBOSH courses in Coimbatore

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Those intending to acquire the competence to audit an organizations OHSMS 18001 based management system, either as a third or second-party auditor. The successful completion of this course is a requirement for certification as an auditor on the OH&SMS scheme.

 

The IRCA OH&SMS auditor training courses provide OH&S professionals with the knowledge and skills required to assess the conformance of an organizations occupational health and safety management systems to OHSAS Lead Auditor Courses 18001.

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NEBOSH General Certificate Syllabus

ohsas training Chennai

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Those intending to acquire the competence to audit an organizations OHSMS 18001 based management system, either as a third or second-party auditor. The successful completion of this course is a requirement for certification as an auditor on the OH&SMS scheme. The IRCA OH&SMS auditor training courses provide OH&S professionals with the knowledge and skills required to assess the conformance of an organizations occupational health and safety management systems to OHSAS 18001.

 

Occupational Health and Safety Lead Auditor Course (OHSAS 18001) The IRCA OH&SMS auditortraining courses provide OH&S professionals. The tutor knowledge and delivery of course was excellent. I would like to do more certifications from BSI.

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AD EHSMS – Codes Of Practice

CoP – 1.0 – Hazardous Materials

CoP – 1.1 – Managament of Asbestos Containing Materials

CoP – 1.2 – Lead Exposure Management

CoP – 2.0 – Personal Protective Equipment (2)

CoP – 3.0 – Occupational Noise

CoP – 3.1 – Vibration

CoP – 4.0 – First Aid and Medical Treatment

CoP – 5.0 – Occupational Health Screening and Medical Surveillance

CoP – 6.0 – Emergency Management Requirements (1)

CoP – 7.0 – Fire Prevention Planning and Control (1)

CoP – 8.0 – General Workplace Amenities

CoP – 9.0 – Workplace Wellness

CoP – 9.1 – New and Expectant Mothers

CoP – 9.2 – Managing Work-Related Stress

CoP – 10.0 – Rehabilitation and Return to Work

CoP – 11.0 – Safety in Heat (V2.1) 2013

CoP – 12.0 – Prevention and Control of Legionnaires Disease

CoP – 14.0 – Manual Handling and Ergonomics

CoP – 14.1 – Manual Tasks Involving the Handling of People

CoP – 15.0 – Electrical Safety (1)

CoP – 18.0 – Employer Supplied Accommodation

CoP – 18.1 – Temporary Employer Supplied Accommodation

CoP – 19.0 – Occupational Food Handling and Food Preparation Areas

CoP – 20.0 – Safety in Design (Construction)

CoP – 21.0 – Permit to Work

CoP – 22.0 – Barricading of Hazards

CoP – 23.0 – Working at Heights (7)

CoP – 24.0 – Tag-out – Lock-out (Isolation)

CoP – 26.0 – Scaffolding (11)

CoP – 26.0 – Scaffolding (12)

CoP – 27.0 – Confined Spaces

CoP – 28.0 – Hot Work Operations (eg. Welding and Cutting)

CoP – 29.0 – Excavation

CoP – 30.0 – Lone Working and or in Remote Locations

CoP – 31.0 – Working On Over or Adjacent to Water

CoP – 33.0 – Working On of Adjacent to a Road

CoP – 34.0 – Safe Use of Lifting Equipment and Lifting Accessories (3)

CoP – 34.0 – Safe Use of Lifting Equipment and Lifting Accessories (4)

CoP – 35.0 – Portable Power Tools CoP – 36.0 – Plant and Equipment

CoP – 37.0 – Ladders

CoP – 38.0 – Concrete Placing Equipment (1)

CoP – 39 0 – Overhead and Underground Services

CoP – 40.0 – False Work (Formwork) (1)

CoP – 41.0 – Steel Erection (2)

CoP – 42.0 – Tilt Up and Pre-Cast Construction

CoP – 43.0 – Temporary Structures

CoP – 44.0 – Traffic Management and Logistics (2)

CoP – 45.0 – Underwater Activities

CoP – 46.0 – Underground Construction (Tunnels Shafts Cofferdams Piling etc)

CoP – 47.0 – Machine Guarding

CoP – 48.0 – Spray Finishing

CoP – 49.0 – Compressed Gases and Air

CoP – 50.0 – Abrasive Blasting and Protective Coating Work

CoP – 51.0 – Powered Lift Trucks

CoP – 52.0 – Local Exhaust Ventilations

CoP – 53.0 – EHS Management During Construction Work (1)

CoP – 53.1 – EHS Construction Management Plan (1)

CoP – 54.0 – Waste Management

CoP – 55.0 – Environmental Management

AD EHSMS – Codes Of Practice
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Scaffolding – Part 1 Self Inspection Checklist

Guidelines: This checklist covers regulations issued by the U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) under subpart L of the construction standards 29 CFR 1926.451. It applies to temporary scaffolding at worksites associated with construction, alteration, demolition, or repair work including painting and decorating. It covers general requirements regarding capacity, scaffold platform construction, criteria for supported scaffolds, and access. The checklist does not address criteria for suspension scaffolds, suspension ropes, and stairtowers. Please consult the OSHA standard 29 CFR 1926.451 for these types of scaffold situations. The regulations cited apply only to private employers and their employees, unless adopted by a State agency and applied to other groups such as public employees. A yes answer to a question indicates that this portion of the inspection complies with the OSHA or U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standard, or with a nonregulatory recommendation. This checklist should be used with the Scaffolding-Part 2 checklist. Subpart L of the OSHA construction standards includes appendixes that provide useful information on scaffold specifications. Definitions of terms in bold type are provided at the end of the checklist.

 

Please Circle
Construction
1. Does each scaffold and scaffold component support (without failure) its own weight and
at least 4 times the maximum intended load? [29 CFR 1926.451(a)(1)]

Note: The stall load of any scaffold hoist must not exceed 3 times its rated load
[29 CFR 1926.451(a)(5)]. Appendix A of the OSHA regulations gives directions for
constructing scaffolds.

 Y   N   N/A   
2. Are all working levels on scaffolds fully planked or decked between the front uprights
and the guardrail supports? [29 CFR 1926.451(b)(1)]
 Y   N   N/A   
3.Are scaffold platform spaces 1inch or less between adjacent units and the uprights?
[29 CFR 1926.451(b)(1)(i)]

Note: Spaces up to 9 1/2 inches wide are permitted around uprights. If platforms are
used only as walkways or during erecting or dismantling, the employer may establish
the space between planking as necessary to provide safe working conditions.

 Y   N   N/A    
4. Are all scaffold platforms at least 18 inches wide? [29 CFR 1926.451(b)(2)]
Note: Scaffold platforms less than 18 inches wide are permitted if wider
platforms are not possible. However, employees who use these platforms must be protected by guardrails or personal fall arrest systems.
 Y   N   N/A 
5. Is the distance between the front edge of the scaffold platform and the face of the
work 14 inches or less, unless guardrail systems are put along the front edge, or
personal fall arrest systems are used? [29 CFR 1926.451(b)(3)]

Note: Exceptions are permitted under special situations. Consult the OSHA
regulations for details. The maximum distance from the face for plastering and
lathing operations is 18 inches.

 Y   N   N/A 
6. Does the end of each scaffold platform extend over the centerline of its support at
least 6 inches unless cleated or otherwise restrained by hooks or equivalent means?
[29 CFR 1926.451(b)(4)]
 Y   N   N/A
7. If the scaffold platform is 10 feet or less in length, does the end of the scaffold platform
extend 12 inches or less over its support? [29 CFR 1926.451(b)(5)(i)]

Note: The end of the scaffold platform may extend more than 12 inches over its support
if the platform is designed and installed so that the cantilevered portion of the platform
can support workers or materials without tipping, or a guardrail blocks worker access
to the cantilevered end.

 Y   N   N/A
8. On scaffolds where planks are abutted to form a long platform, does each plank end rest on a separate support surface? [29 CFR 1926.451(b)(6)]

Note: Common support members, such as “T” sections, may be used to support abutting planks. Hook-on platforms designed to rest on common supports may also be used.

 Y   N   N/A
9. On scaffolds where platforms overlap to form a long platform, does the overlap
occur over supports? Is the overlap at least 12 inches unless the platform is
nailed together or otherwise restrained to prevent movement? [29 CFR 1926.451(b)(7)]
 Y   N   N/A   
10. At points of a scaffold where the platform changes direction, is this procedure followed?
[29 CFR 1926.451(b)(8)]
Step 1: Lay the platform that rests on a bearer at an angle other than a right angle.

Step 2: Lay the platform that rests at right angles over the same bearer, on
top of the first platform.

 Y   N   N/A    
11.Is it prohibited to cover wood platforms on scaffolds with opaque finishes?
[29 CFR 1926.451(b)(9)]

Note: Platform edges may be covered or marked for identification. Wood platforms
may be coated periodically with wood preservatives, fire-retardant finishes, and slip-resistant finishes; however, the coating may not obscure the top or bottom wood surfaces.

 Y   N   N/A    
12. Do scaffold components from different manufacturers fit together without force and
maintain the scaffold’s structural integrity? [29 CFR 1926.451(b)(10)]
 Y   N   N/A    
13. Are scaffold components from different manufacturers modified ONLY if a
competent person determines that the scaffold made of the ‘mixed’ parts is
structurally sound? [29 CFR 1926.451(b)(10)]
 Y   N   N/A
14. Are scaffold components made of dissimilar metals used together ONLY if a competent
person has determined that galvanic action will not reduce the strength of any component to an unacceptable level? [29 CFR 1926.451(b)(11)]
 Y   N   N/A 
Criteria for Supported Scaffolds
15. Are supported scaffolds with a height to base width ratio of more than 4 to 1
restrained from tipping by guying, tying, bracing, or equivalents?
[29 CFR 1926.451(c)(1)]

Note: Install guys, ties, and braces at locations where horizontal members support both inner and outer legs. Install Guys, ties, and braces according to the scaffold manufacturer’s recommendations or at the closest horizontal member to the 4 to 1 height. Repeat vertically at locations of horizontal members every 20 feet or less thereafter for scaffolds 3 feet wide or less, and every 26 feet or less thereafter for scaffolds greater than 3 feet wide. Place the top guy, tie, or brace of completed scaffolds no further than the 4 to 1 height from the top. Install guys, ties, and braces at each end of the scaffold and at horizontal intervals 30 feet or less (measured from one end [not both] towards the other). Use ties, guys, braces, or outriggers to prevent tipping when there is an eccentric load, such as a cantilevered work platform.

 Y   N   N/A 
16. Are supported scaffolds with a height to base width ratio of more than 4 to 1
restrained from tipping by guying, tying, bracing, or equivalents?
[29 CFR 1926.451(c)(1)]

Note: Install guys, ties, and braces at locations where horizontal members support both inner and outer legs. Install Guys, ties, and braces according to the scaffold manufacturer’s recommendations or at the closest horizontal member to the 4 to 1 height. Repeat vertically at locations of horizontal members every 20 feet or less thereafter for scaffolds 3 feet wide or less, and every 26 feet or less thereafter for scaffolds greater than 3 feet wide. Place the top guy, tie, or brace of completed scaffolds no further than the 4 to 1 height from the top. Install guys, ties, and braces at each end of the scaffold and at horizontal intervals 30 feet or less (measured from one end [not both] towards the other). Use ties, guys, braces, or outriggers to prevent tipping when there is an eccentric load, such as a cantilevered work platform.

 Y   N   N/A 
17. Are supported scaffold poles, legs, posts, frames, and uprights placed on base plates
and mud sills or other firm foundation? [29 CFR 1926.451(c)(2)]
 Y   N   N/A 
18. Are footings level, sound, and rigid? Can they support the loaded scaffold without settling or displacement? [29 CFR 1926.451(c)(2)(i)]  Y   N   N/A 
19.Is it prohibited to use unstable objects for supporting scaffolds and platform units?
[29 CFR 1926.451(c)(2)(ii)]
 Y   N   N/A
20. Is it prohibited to use unstable objects as working platforms?
[29 CFR 1926.451(c)(2)(iii)]
 Y   N   N/A 
21. Is it prohibited to use front-end loaders and similar pieces of equipment to support scaffold platforms, unless they were designed by the manufacturer for such use?
[29 CFR 1926.451(c)(2)(iv)]
 Y   N   N/A 
22. Are supported scaffold poles, legs, posts, frames, and uprights plum and braced to prevent swaying and displacement? [29 CFR 1926.451(c)(3)]  Y   N   N/A
Access
23. Are ladders, stairs, ramps, or walkways provided to access scaffold platforms more than 2 feet above or below a point of access? [29 CFR 1926.451(e)(1)]

Note: Cross-braces must not be used as a means of access.

 Y   N   N/A 
24. Are portable, hook-on, and attachable ladders positioned to prevent the scaffold from tipping? [29 CFR 1926.451(e)(2)(i)]  Y   N   N/A
25. Are hook-on and attachable ladders positioned so the bottom rung is not more than 24 inches above the scaffold supporting level? [29 CFR 1926.451(e)(2)(ii)]  Y   N   N/A 
26. Are hook-on and attachable ladders designed for the scaffold in use?
[29 CFR 1926.451(e)(2)(iv)]
 Y   N   N/A 
27. Do hook-on and attachable ladders have rung length of at least 11 1/2 inches?
[29 CFR 1926.451(e)(2)(v)]
 Y   N   N/A 
28. Do hook-on and attachable ladders have uniformly spaced rungs with a maximum
spacing between rungs of 16-3/4 inches? [29 CFR 1926.451(e)(2)(vi)]
 Y   N   N/A 
29. Is the bottom step of stairway-type ladders 24 inches or less above the scaffold supporting level? [29 CFR 1926.451(e)(3)(i)]  Y   N   N/A
30. Do stairway-type ladders have rest platforms at 12-foot maximum vertical intervals?
[29 CFR 1926.451(e)(3)(ii)]
 Y   N   N/A  
31. Do stairway-type ladders have a step width of at least 16 inches?
[29 CFR 1926.451(e)(3)(iii)]
Note: Mobile scaffold stairway-type ladders may have a minimum step width of 11 1/2 inches.
 Y   N   N/A
32. Do stairway-type ladders have slip-resistant treads on all steps and landings?
[29 CFR 1926.451(e)(3)(iv)]
 Y   N   N/A 
33. Do ramps and walkways 6 feet or more above lower levels have guardrails?
[29 CFR 1926.451(e)(5)(i)]
 Y   N   N/A  
34. Are ramps and walkways inclined with a slope less than 1 vertical to 3 horizontal
20 degrees above the horizontal? [29 CFR 1926.451(e)(5)(ii)]
 Y   N   N/A  
35. Do ramps and walkways that are steeper than 1 vertical in 8 horizontal have cleats 14 inches (or less) apart that are securely fastened to the planks to provide footing?
[29 CFR 1926.451(e)(5)(iii)]
 Y   N   N/A  
36. Are integral prefabricated scaffold access frames constructed for use as ladder rungs?
[29 CFR 1926.451(e)(6)(i)]
 Y   N   N/A  
37. Do integral prefabricated scaffold access frames have rung lengths of at least 8 inches?
[29 CFR 1926.451(e)(6)(ii)]
 Y   N   N/A  
38. Do employees have fall protection if integral prefabricated scaffold access frames with rungs less than 11 1/2 inches are used as work platforms? [29 CFR 1926.451(e)(6)(iii)]  Y   N   N/A  
39. Are integral prefabricated scaffold access frames uniformly spaced within each frame section? [29 CFR 1926.451(e)(6)(iv)]  Y   N   N/A 
40. Do integral prefabricated scaffold access frames have a maximum spacing between rungs of 16-3/4 inches? [29 CFR 1926.451(e)(6)(v)]

Note: Non-uniform rung spacing caused by joining end frames together is allowed, provide the resulting spacing is 16-3/4 inches or less.

 Y   N   N/A 
41. Do steps and rungs of ladder and stairway-type access line up vertically with each other
between rest platforms? [29 CFR 1926.451(e)(7)]
 Y   N   N/A 
42. Is the horizontal distance 14 inches (or less) and the vertical distance 24 inches (or less)
between two surfaces used to provide direct access between them?
[29 CFR 1926.451(e)(8)]
 Y   N   N/A  
43. During erecting and dismantling of supported scaffolds, does a competent person provide and evaluate safe means of access? [29 CFR 1926.451(e)(9)(i)]  Y   N   N/A 
44. During erecting and dismantling of supported scaffolds, are hook-on or attachable ladders installed as soon as they can be used safely? [29 CFR 1926.451(e)(9)(ii)]  Y   N   N/A 
45. During erecting and dismantling of supported scaffolds, are the ends of tubular welded frame scaffolds used as climbing devices for access only if the horizontal members are parallel, level, and 22 inches apart (or less) vertically? [29 CFR 1926.451(e)(9)(iii)]  Y   N   N/A  
46. During erecting and dismantling of supported scaffolds, is it prohibited to use the cross braces on tubular welded frame scaffolds for access or exit?
[29 CFR 1926.451(e)(9)(iv)]
 Y   N   N/A  
Use
47. Are scaffolds and scaffold components loaded below their maximum intended loads or rated capacities (whichever is less)? [29 CFR 1926.451(f)(1)]  Y   N   N/A 
48. Is the use of shore or lean-to scaffolds prohibited? [29 CFR 1926.451(f)(2)]  Y   N   N/A  
49. Does a competent person inspect scaffolds and scaffold components for visible defects
before each work shift, and after any occurrence that could affect a scaffold’s structural integrity? [29 CFR 1926.451(f)(3)]
 Y   N   N/A   
50. Are parts of a scaffold that are damaged or weakened immediately repaired, replaced,
braced, or removed from service until repaired? [29 CFR 1926.451(f)(4)]
 Y   N   N/A 
51. Is the horizontal movement of a scaffold prohibited while workers are on the scaffold
(unless the scaffold is designed for movement by a registered professional engineer, or is a mobile scaffold meeting OSHA standards)? [29 CFR 1926.451(f)(5)]
 Y   N   N/A 
52. Are proper clearances (as shown in Tables 1 and 2) between scaffolds and power lines
always maintained? [29 CFR 1926.451(f)(6)]

Note: Scaffolds and materials may be closer to power lines if such clearance is necessary, and only after the utility company or electrical system operator has been notified, and the utility company or electrical system operator has deenergized the lines, relocated the lines, or installed protective coverings to prevent contact with the lines.

 Y   N   N/A  
Table 1: Insulated Power Lines
Insulated Lines
Voltage
Minimum
Distance
Alternative
Less than 300 volts

300 volts to 50 kv

More than 50 kv

3 feet (0.9 m)

10 feet (3.1 m)

10 feet (3.1 m) plus
4.0 inches (10 cm)
for each 1 kv over
50 kv

2 times the length of
the line insulator,
but never less than
10 feet (3.1m)

Table 2: Uninsulated Power Lines
Uninsulated Line
Voltage
Minimum
Distance
Alternatives
Less than 50 kv

More than 50 kv

10 feet (3.1 m)

10 feet (3.1 m) plus
4.0 inches (10 cm)
for each 1 kv over
50 kv

2 times the length
of the line insulator,
but never less than
10 feet (3.1 m)

53. Are scaffolds erected, moved, dismantled, or altered only under the supervision and
direction of a competent person qualified in scaffold erection, moving, dismantling,
or alteration? [29 CFR 1926.451(f)(7)]
 Y   N   N/A  
54. Are scaffolds erected, moved, dismantled, or altered only by experienced and trained
employees selected for such work by the competent person?
[29 CFR 1926.451(f)(7)]
 Y   N   N/A
55. Is it prohibited to work on scaffolds covered with snow, ice, or other slippery material,
except as necessary to remove such materials? [29 CFR 1926.451(f)(8)]
 Y   N   N/A  
56. If swinging loads are hoisted onto or near scaffolds, are tag lines or equivalent measures
used to control the loads? [29 CFR 1926.451(f)(9)]
 Y   N   N/A
57. Is working on scaffolds during storms or high winds prohibited unless a competent
person has determined that it is safe for workers to be on the scaffold and workers
are protected by a personal fall arrest system or wind screens?
[29 CFR 1926.451(f)(12)]
 Y   N   N/A   
58. Is debris removed from platforms? [29 CFR 1926.451(f)(13)]  Y   N   N/A  
59. Are makeshift devices, such as boxes and barrels, prohibited on scaffold platforms
for increasing the working level height? [29 CFR 1926.451(f)(14)]
 Y   N   N/A 
60. Is it prohibited to use ladders on scaffolds to increase the working level height?
[29 CFR 1926.451(f)(15)]
Note: Ladders may be used on large area scaffolds if certain conditions are met.
Consult the OSHA regulations for the required conditions.
 Y   N   N/A 
61. Is it prohibited to use ladders on scaffolds to increase the working level height?
[29 CFR 1926.451(f)(15)]
Note: Ladders may be used on large area scaffolds if certain conditions are met.
Consult the OSHA regulations for the required conditions.
 Y   N   N/A 
62. Are scaffold platforms used only if they deflect 1/60 of the span (or less) when loaded?
[29 CFR 1926.451(f)(16)]
 Y   N   N/A  

 

Definitions:

Competent person: one who can identify hazards in the surroundings or working conditions that are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to workers, and who has authority to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them.

Lean-to scaffold: a supported scaffold that is kept erect by tilting it toward and resting it against a building or structure.

Personal fall arrest system: a system used to stop an employee’s fall. It consists of an anchorage, connectors, a body belt or body harness, and may include a lanyard, deceleration device, lifeline, or combinations of these.

Shore scaffold: a supported scaffold that is placed against a building or structure and held in place with props.

Supported scaffold: one or more platforms supported by outrigger beams, brackets, poles, legs, uprights, posts, frames, or similar rigid support.

 

Comments/Corrective action:

 

 

 

 

Scaffolding – Part 1 Self Inspection Checklist
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Frequently asked questions – General work at height

1.What is ‘work at height’?

Work at height means work in any place where, if precautions were not taken, a person could fall a distance liable to cause personal injury. You are working at height if you:

work above ground/floor level
could fall from an edge, through an opening or fragile surface or
could fall from ground level into an opening in a floor or a hole in the ground
Work at height does not include a slip or a trip on the level, as a fall from height has to involve a fall from one level to a lower level, nor does it include walking up and down a permanent staircase in a building.

2.What do I need to do to comply with the Work at Height Regulations 2005?

The Regulations apply to all work at height, where there is risk of a fall liable to cause personal injury. They place duties on employers, and those who control any work at height activity (such as facilities managers or building owners who may contract others to work at height).

As part of the Regulations, you must ensure:

all work at height is properly planned and organised
those involved in work at height are competent
the risks from work at height are assessed, and appropriate work equipment is selected and used
the risks of working on or near fragile surfaces are properly managed
the equipment used for work at height is properly inspected and maintained

3.When is a ladder right for the job?

The law says that ladders can be used for work at height when a risk assessment has shown that using equipment offering a higher level of fall protection is not justified because of the low risk and short duration of use; or there are existing workplace features which cannot be altered.

Short duration is not the deciding factor in establishing whether an activity is acceptable or not – you should have first considered the risk. As a guide, if your task would require staying up a leaning ladder or stepladder for more than 30 minutes at a time, it is recommended that you consider alternative equipment.

You should only use ladders in situations where they can be used safely, eg where the ladder will be level and stable, and where its reasonably practicable to do so, the ladder can be secured.

4.What is the definition of a working platform?

The Work at Height Regulations 2005 changed the meaning of working platforms, which were traditionally seen as fully-boarded platforms with handrails and toe boards. A working platform can now be virtually any surface from which work can be carried out, such as:

a roof
a floor
a platform on a scaffold
mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPs)
the treads of a stepladder

5.What do the Regulations say about guard rails in respect of working platforms?

The Regulations require that, for construction work, handrails have a minimum height of 950 mm, and that any gap between the top rail and any intermediate rail should not exceed 470 mm. The Regulations also require toe boards to be suitable and sufficient (eg a toe board of a minimum 100 mm height would be acceptable).

What height should guard rails be in non-construction activities?
For non-construction work, there are no prescriptive dimensions. However, guard rails, toe boards, barriers and other collective means of protection should be of sufficient dimension to ensure a person cannot fall through or over them.

In the absence of any standards, HSE operational guidance suggests that guard rail heights in non-construction activities should be a minimum of 950 mm. Any protection below this height should be justified on the basis of a risk assessment.

For buildings, factories, warehouses, offices, public buildings, retail premises etc, sufficient dimensions for guard rails or similar barriers will be achieved by complying with the Building Regulations – which require guard rails to be 1100 mm.

For plant, machinery, equipment etc, sufficient dimensions will be achieved by compliance with any relevant standard.

6.What is meant by ‘collective’ and ‘personal’ fall prevention measures?

Collective protection is equipment that does not require the person working at height to act to be effective. Examples are permanent or temporary guardrails, scissor lifts and tower scaffolds.

Personal protection is equipment that requires the individual to act to be effective. An example is putting on a safety harness correctly and connecting it, via an energy-absorbing lanyard, to a suitable anchor point.

7.What do I need to know about using a MEWP?

If you are thinking of using a MEWP, consider the following questions:

Height – How high is the job from the ground?
Application – Do you have the appropriate MEWP for the job? (If you’re not sure, check with the hirer or manufacturer)
Conditions – What are the ground conditions like? Is there a risk of the MEWP becoming unstable or overturning?
Operators – Are the people using the MEWP trained, competent and fit to do so?
Obstructions – Could the MEWP be caught on any protruding features or overhead hazards, eg steelwork, tree branches or power lines?
Traffic – Is there passing traffic and, if so, what do you need to do to prevent collisions?
Restraint – Do you need to use either work restraint (to prevent people climbing out of the MEWP) or a fall arrest system (which will stop a person hitting the ground if they fall out)? Allowing people to climb out of the basket is not normally recommended – do you need to do this as part of the job?
Checks – Has the MEWP been examined, inspected and maintained as required by the manufacturer’s instructions and have daily checks been carried out?

8.What should I do when using a Mobile Access Tower (Scaffold Tower)?

If you are thinking of using a Tower
You need to be competent to build, inspect, use and dismantle a tower

The following are all essential safety features that should be supplied upon purchase or hire of the tower:

purpose built platforms with trapdoor entry and exit. There must be enough platforms so that they can be installed at 2m height intervals during assembly and dismantling.
guardrails fitted all the way around every platform at a minimum height of 950mm and with a maximum 470mm vertical gap between the guardrails and the platform
a built in access ladder or staircase for safe ascent and descent
4 stabilisers of the correct size for the height of the tower
toe boards to prevent the fall of any materials
user instructions which show one of the two recognised safe assembly and dismantling methods
You should use one of the 2 recognised safe methods to assemble and dismantle a tower:

Advance Guardrail (AGR). Guardrail side frames are put in place in advance of anyone getting onto the platform. They are put in place from ground level for the first platform level, and from the protected position of a platform below for the higher platform levels.
Through The Trap (3T). Guardrails are put in place before stepping onto the platform. The operator positions themselves within the open trap door, seated on the platform, from where they install or remove the guardrails.
Once the tower is built it must be inspected by a competent person

before it is first used
at suitable intervals depending on the environment and use
every time something happens that may affect its stability or safety

9.How do you decide if someone is ‘competent’ to work at height?

You should make sure that people with sufficient skills, knowledge and experience are employed to perform the task, or, if they are being trained, that they work under the supervision of somebody competent to do it.

In the case of low-risk, short duration tasks involving ladders, competence requirements may be no more than making sure employees receive instruction on how to use the equipment safely (eg how to tie a ladder properly) and appropriate training. Training often takes place on the job, it does not always take place in a classroom.

When a more technical level of competence is required, for example drawing up a plan for assembling a complex scaffold, existing training and certification schemes drawn up by trade associations and industry is one way to help demonstrate competence.

For the full updated guidelines on working at height, please visit HSE WEBSITEwork-at-height-protecting

Frequently asked questions – General work at height
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